In 2020, Almazov National Medical Research Centre and Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Institute of Experimental Medicine” won the competition to create the World-Class Research Centre “Centre for Personalized Medicine” and the grant for state support in 2020–2025 for the creation and development of world-class research centres carrying out R&D in the priority areas of science and technology under the federal project “Development of scientific and research and production cooperation” of the Science national project. In 2020, these two institutions established the World-Class Research Centre for Personalized Medicine.
Prof. Evgeny Shlyakhto has initiated and headed the World-Class Research Centre for Personalized Medicine.
Personalized medicine is a modern healthcare approach where advanced technologies are used not only to correctly assess the true likelihood of developing a disease, but also to develop preventive measures as individually as possible.
In July 2019, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed the Order to establish the Council for State Support for the Creation and Development of World-Class Research Centres carrying out R&D in the priority areas of science and technology. The construction of research centres is stipulated in the programme of the Science national project.
In total, 7 priority areas were approved, including “personalized medicine”, “advanced digital technologies and artificial intelligence, robotic systems, new generation materials”, “environmentally friendly resource-saving power generation, efficient regional use of subsoil and biological resources”, “highly productive and environmentally friendly agriculture and aquaculture, the creation of safe, high-quality and functional food products” and others.
In September 2019, RUB 1.3 billion were allocated for the creation of world-class genome centres as part of the Science national project. The winners of the competition to select the organizations that would serve as a basis for these centres were Rospotrebnadzor (Russian Agency for Health and Consumer Rights), National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute and Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology. Plans are to allocate RUB 11.2 billion for the creation and development of three genome centres.
In early February 2020, at the public meeting of Russian President Vladimir Putin at the Cherepovets Chemical Engineering College in the Vologda Region, the geneticist of Engelhard Institute of Molecular Biology A.V. Kudryavtseva proposed the creation of an All-Russian Genome Centre that would collect, process and store data on the genome of Russians.
In March 2020, at the meeting of the Council for State Support for the Creation and Development of World-Class Research Centres, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Tatyana Golikova approved the priority areas to create 9 research centres in Russia by 2023. One of such areas is “personalized medicine, high-tech healthcare and health saving technologies”.
Following the discussion, the Council approved a list of 10 World-Class Research Centres in 6 priority areas, 4 centres being created in the area “Personalized medicine, high-tech healthcare and health saving technologies”.