Polenov Russian Research Institute of Neurosurgery is the oldest institution in the country and the first scientific and practical neurosurgical institute in the world. It was opened in May 1926 on the initiative of professors A.G. Molotkov and S.P. Fedorov and has a long history of development. Polenov Research Institute of Neurosurgery has been a branch of the Almazov National Medical Research Centre since 2015.
The Institute has very well equipped operating rooms with facilities for complex surgeries. A comprehensive diagnostic and treatment process is ensured by a multidisciplinary team of highly qualified specialists including not only neurosurgeons but also neurologists, intensive care specialists, diagnostic radiologists, internists, pediatricians, neuro-ophthalmologists and many others. The Institute has laboratories of electrophysiology, biochemistry, cerebral blood flow and other specialized laboratories.